Tuesday, December 31, 2013

JEANRICHARD Nocturnal Adventurers Collection: 1681 with black DLC case, Terrascope with black DLC case & Terrascope bi-colour with black dial

Swiss luxury watchmaker JEANRICHARD introduces three new versions of its 1681 and Terrascope models to complement any night-time expeditions with style and assurance. Dedicated to adventurers, the three companions for urban, sporting or elegant nights are the perfect examples of the JEANRICHARD “philosophy of life”.
1681 with black DLC case
A homage to the very first watch created by Daniel Jeanrichard at the end of the 17th century, the 1681 reinvents tradition in a new, highly original colour of the night. A dynamic, refined and urban look for night time walks in well-lit streets or for discovering the more secret corners of a city after-hours, it is the perfect companion to those urban characters fuelled by the electric energy of cities and their alluring facets.
The steel cushion case is decorated with a black DLC coating with a matt, powder-coat surface. It’s entirely micro beaded finish adds strength to the modern but discreet style. Only essential references, the leaf-shaped hour and minute hands and the date, stand out against the black dial, thanks to a luminescent beige coating.
Within this case of hitherto unseen elegance beats a JR1000, automatic winding movement, made in-house, with a black rotor which has an exclusive décor visible through the transparent case-back.

1681 - Ref: 60320-11-652-HB6A
Sandblasted black DLC-coated stainless steel case
Diameter: 44.00 mm, Height: 11.27 mm
Antireflective sapphire crystal
Sapphire case-back, screwed-down
Water-resistant to 100 m
Manufactured JR1000 movement, self-winding, black rotor
Calibre: 11 ½’’’
Frequency: 28,800 vibrations/ hour (4 Hz)
Jewels: 27
Power- reserve: minimum 48 hours
Functions: hour, minute, second, date
Black matt dial
Black polished indexes and numerals
Black polished hands with beige luminescent material
Black Barenia® calfskin strap
Black PVD-coated stainless steel folding buckle

Terrascope with black DLC case
A starry night in the immensity of the desert, a moonless evening on the world's highways, the thrill of the unknown and the unexplored, the Terrascope –JEANRICHARD’s flagship model – shares the most beautiful night-time hours for everyday explorers who wish to savour every moment of the day in a new edition finished with a sleek black DLC coating. 
The alternating "vertical satin" finish on the flat surfaces and sandblasted finish on the bevels subtly underline the watche's original design, with its robust construction in several parts and its combination of a cushion case with a round glass. The indexes and hands are clearly distinguishable on a matt black dial, with cut-outs that make them stand out and a white luminescent coating.
The sporty touch is completed by a black rubber strap with a folding clasp. The mechanical movement with automatic winding ensures accuracy and reliability twenty-four hours a day.

Terrascope black DLC case - Ref: 60500-11609-FK6A
Sandblasted and vertically satin-finished black – DLC-coated stainless steel case
Diameter: 44.00 mm; Height: 12.60 mm
Antireflective sapphire crystal
Black case-back screw-down, engraved
Water-resistant to 100 m
Movement JR60, self-winding
Calibre: 11 ½’’’
Frequency: 28,800 vibrations/hour (4 Hz)
Jewels: 26
Power reserve: minimum 38 hours
Functions: hour, minute, second, date
Black matt dial
Luminescent sandblasted indexes
Rhodium-coated sandblasted hands with luminescent material
Black rubber strap
Black PVD-coated stainless steel folding buckle

Terrascope bi-colour with black dial
With a steel case illuminated by case sides in pink gold and a black dial, the new Terrascope bi-colour re-interprets the night in a sportive yet elegant spirit. A perfect blend of class and laid-back attitude as well as luxury and authenticity, this model unveils a subtle touch of the "gentleman farmer". The sophisticated construction of the case in multiple parts alternates "vertical satin" surfaces with polished bevels to play with light.
The matt black case-back makes the clean geometry of the dial stand out with its applied numerals and big hands covered with pink gold and a luminescent coating.
The black alligator strap, with folding clasp, completes the harmony. The mechanical movement with automatic winding ensures that the night-time and day-time hours are told with unerring accuracy.
Terrascope bi-colour - Ref: 60500-56-602-BB60
Polished and vertically satin-finished stainless steel and pink gold case
Diameter: 44 mm; Height: 12.60 mm
Antireflective sapphire crystal
Case-back screw-down, engraved
Water-resistant to 100 m
Movement JR60, self-winding
Calibre: 11 ½’’’
Frequency: 28,800 vibrations/ hour (4 Hz)
Jewels: 26
Power reserve: minimum 38 hours
Functions: hour, minute, second, date
Black matt dial
Applied pink gold-plated indexes
Pink gold-plated hands with luminescent material
Black alligator strap
Stainless steel folding buckle

Friday, December 27, 2013

CORUM Admiral’s Cup Seafender 47 Tourbillon Chronograph

A contemporary interpretation of classic complications, the new Admiral’s Cup Seafender 47 Tourbillon Chronograph by Corum appears in a formidably technical interpretation designed for daily wear, whether in a sporting or an urban environment.

Corum tackles an extremely complex equation in its new Admiral’s Cup Seafender 47 Tourbillon Chronograph. Its tourbillon is powered by an automatic caliber – in itself a rarity for this major complication – that in addition beats at a high frequency of 4 Hz as compared with 3 Hz for most classic tourbillons, an equally rare occurrence in the domain of Fine Watchmaking. This remarkable oscillation speed of 28,800 vibrations per hour ensures exceptional precision, further reinforced by the automatic winding system ensuring a constant level of energy.
The tourbillon performing one full turn every 60 seconds stages a fascinating show within its generous 14.08 mm carriage, while the small seconds spins around its circumference. The fact of being fixed to a micrometrical triple screw ensures finer adjustment and more constant precision. The performances of this complex orchestration are backed by remarkable resistance, reinforced by a lever escapement featuring Gluycdur pallets.

This rare degree of sturdiness that is indeed almost unheard of on a tourbillon model, makes the Admiral’s Cup Seafender 47 Tourbillon Chronograph particularly adaptable to daily living, since the watch can be freely worn in both urban and sporting contexts.

The CO 398 caliber beating at the heart of the Admiral’s Cup Seafender 47 Tourbillon Chronograph harbors still other feats. Its entirely integrated chronograph is controlled by a column-wheel governing its functions. Far more complex than modern cam-type mechanisms, this noble architecture is in keeping with the grand horological tradition and ensures a particularly gentle mode of activation. The excellence of the CO 398 movement permeates every detail, since each component is hand-polished and chamfered – a meticulous hand-crafted approach that entailed technological constraints upstream in terms of machining. Since polishing involves removing tiny micro-millimetric quantities of matter, the rough parts were made slighter larger than their functional size.

The caliber may be admired through the sapphire caseback in its entire finely hand-decorated splendor, featuring delicate straight graining, as well as circular graining on the mainplate, bridges and wheels. Pushing this aesthetic finesse to its absolute limits, Corum has even openworked the ruthenium-coated oscillating weight so as to better reveal the stunning sophistication of this first-rate movement.

Clearly designed for daily wear, the Admiral’s Cup Seafender 47 Tourbillon Chronograph displays an aura of sporting elegance accentuated by the iconic nautical pennants on the inner bezel ring and the twelve-sided shape of the case. Stylishly flaunting its generous 47 mm diameter, it is fashioned from aluminum with an anthracite grey ceramized coating. Its exploration of materials science led Corum to adopt the MAO (micro-arc oxidation) technique invented in Germany in the 1960s, but not industrialized until 2006 thanks to computerization and technological advances in the domain of equipment. The particularly innovative treatment used by Corum is accomplished by an electrical, physical and chemical transformation of aluminum immersed in a water bath. This patented ecological method makes the watchcase truly exclusive and features a number of advantages. The ceramization technique gives aluminum a ten-times longer lifespan by making it harder than steel. It is also anti-abrasive and protects against corrosion, while lending an extremely beautiful aesthetic touch and an extremely pleasant feel.
Also available in an 5N 18kt red gold version, the case of the Admiral’s Cup Seafender 47 Tourbillon Chronograph is interpreted in three gem-set jewelry variations. While all features a 60-minute counter and small seconds subdial paved with 88 round diamonds (approx. 0.13 carats) and 9 baguette-cut diamonds (approx. 0.04 carats) as index, the differences between the models relate to the case. On the first, the bezel, lugs and pushpiece guards are adorned with 204 round diamonds (approx. 2.13 carats); while the second adopts the same 144 round diamonds (approx. 0.63 carats) embellishing its lugs and pushpiece guards, while opting to light up the bezel with 36 baguette-cut stones (approx. 4.71 carats). The baguette cut is featured yet more strongly on the third jewelry version with its 60 baguette-cut diamonds (approx. 6.01 carats) set on the bezel and lugs, while the pushpiece guards sparkle with 36 round diamonds (approx. 0.05 carats).

The Admiral’s Cup Seafender 47 Tourbillon Chronograph comes with two straps: the first in black crocodile leather, and the second in a rubber-look leather for the non-gemset models, and in brown crocodile leather for the jewelry creations.

Blancpain Saint Valentin 2014 (Ref 6604-4654-55B)

Every year since 2001, Swiss luxury watchmaker Blancpain delights lovers by launching special edition watches during Valentine’s Day. Since then, Valentine’s Day has marked a special rendezvous between Blancpain and women. Now the brand unveils The Valentine’s Day 2014 model, which lives up to expectations in a charmingly subtle manner.

Reflecting the kind of feelings one prefers to privately relish rather than overtly flaunt, this three-hand watch exudes a discreetly seductive aura. The white mother-of-pearl dial features a motif composed of airy hearts – two engraved and a red transferred one – floating like dainty bubbles.
It is delicately framed by an embroidery-like border. The passing of time is conveyed in keeping with the traditional design codes of the Manufacture: hour-markers at 12, 6 and 9 o’clock, interspersed with seven chatons and a date display at 3 o’clock. A row of diamonds on the bezel lends a precious touch, while the ballet of white gold hands further accentuates the feather-light overall impression. Thus exquisitely embellished, the model becomes a true piece of jewellery, a unique creation a woman will naturally wish to wear on her wrist day after day.

Celebrating women in harmony with Blancpain’s vision also implies saluting their taste for mechanisms radiating a technical beauty of which they are also keenly aware. A forerunner in this domain, the Manufacture in Le Brassus has been offering ladies’ watches exclusively driven by mechanical movements ever since 1930. The iconic Blancpain Calibre 1150 chosen for the 2014 Valentine’s Day model is equipped with a silicon balance-spring that is non-magnetic and maintains a more constant rate over time.
Issued in a 99-piece limited edition, this 33 mm-diameter watch is fitted with a white leather strap highlighting the shimmering visual beauty of the dial.

Technical details
Model: Ultra-slim Saint Valentin 2014, date, seconds, white mother-of-pearl dial set with diamonds, self-winding movement
Calibre 1150
Power reserve: 100hrs
Jewels: 28

Saturday, December 21, 2013

GUCCI - Extra Large Interlocking Timepiece in Anthracite PVD (42mm)

The Interlocking model is a relative newcomer to Gucci Timepieces’ portfolio of watches, yet seamlessly blends into the portfolio through its inimitable Gucci style and use of strong Gucci icons. The watch features the interlocking GG motif, an interpretation of founder Guccio Gucci’s initials, made famous by Gucci in the 1960s.

Now, Gucci Timepieces & Jewelry adds a new variant to the collection in a smart anthracite color, distinguished by interplay of glossy and matt materials.
The extra-large size (42mm) of this bold watch shows off the detail of the interlocking GG motif, which is worked in contrasting polished and brushed matt PVD. The bezel of the Interlocking timepiece is the perfect canvas for this recognizable Gucci symbol.

In keeping with the streamlined look of this extension, the dial is kept beautifully simple, displaying only the Gucci logo at 12 o’clock and the ‘Swiss Made’ seal at 6 o’clock, on a slate grey sun-brushed background. The stainless steel bracelet, finished with anthracite polished PVD treatment, introduces a dressy touch to the overall modern, masculine aesthetic.

Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Doha Limited Edition

In celebration of their Doha Boutique opening, Swiss luxury watchmaker Audemars Piguet unveils a very special version of its Royal Oak Offshore sports watch in the form of a limited edition model specifically designed to honour Qatar and only available at Audemars Piguet Doha Boutique.

The typically rugged, 42mm case of the Royal Oak Offshore is made from titanium, has a scratchproof, black ceramic bezel and houses the Audemars Piguet manufactured Calibre 3126/3840 selfwinding chronograph movement.

Beyond that, this particular version of the Royal Oak Offshore becomes even more special than most. Because each of the 100 examples of thislimited edition features a satin-brushed, slate grey dial with contrasting anthracite counters for recording elapsed times of 60 seconds, 30 minutes and 12 hours. The luminescent Arabic numerals and main hour and minute hands are satin-brushed, and two of the chronograph indicators and the central seconds hand are lacquered in a vibrant red.
Another small, red detail found at the five o'clock position on the tachymeter scale further identifies this particular version of the Royal Oak Offshore.

Turning the watch over, meanwhile, reveals Audemars Piguet's characteristic winding rotor through a sapphire crystal display back surrounded by a titanium border.

Each watch will be delivered on a grey alligator strap designed to complement its unique dial design and will be supplied in a special presentation box.

Technical details
Model: Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph
Réf: 26219IO.OO.D005CR.01

Self winding Manufacture calibre 3126/3840

Chronograph, hours, minutes, small seconds, date

Titanium case, black ceramic bezel, glare-proofed sapphire crystal and caseback, titanium caseback, numbered XXX/100, black rubber push-pieces and screw-locked crown, water-resistant to 100 m, diameter 42 mm

Satin-brushed slate-grey dial, anthracite counters, satin-brushed Arabic numerals, hands with luminescent coating, center seconds hand and hands of the counters at 9 o’clock and 6 o’clock painted in red “Audemars Piguet” printed in white at 3 o’clock
“SWISS MADE” printed in white at 6 o’clock
 Anthracite inner bezel with “135” printed in red

Hand-stitched “large square scale” grey alligator strap with titanium AP folding clasp

Limited Edition of 100 pieces

G. Gagnebin & Cie - Karaktero Collection

Inheritor of a long watchmaking history, G. Gagnebin & Cie re-launches its activities with its first collection of timekeepers for men. A classical design and contemporary stamping subtly ingrain the Karaktero watches.

While staying faithful to the values that surrounded the history of the company – the lion and snake emblem placed on the bottom of the watches attests it –, the G. Gagnebin & Cie watches aim for today’s men.
Three models, impregnated of a same vein, are proposed to them in a 43 millimeters diameter: the vintage version, the contemporary version and the modern variant, in black PVD.
As the name in Ido language indicates, the Karaktero collection expresses the strength of character and ambition of the brand. It combines modern technology, natural elegance and artisan workmanship.
Its three models, available on a sleek leather or alligator bracelet, reveal the heart of the watch, the pendulum. Their very distinct personalities make them the perfect partner for today’s men. These watches mean to accompany you throughout various moments of life,   enveloping them with their strength and dressing them with their sensibility.
Technical details
Shape: Round
Dimension: ø 43 mm
Thickness: 9.5 mm
Material: Stainless Steel/ Stainless Steel Black PVD
Glass: Sapphire crystal
Case back: Transparent with opening on the pendulum
Water-resistant: 5 ATM (approx. 50 m)

Caliber: Automatic Sellita SW 300
Functions: Hours, minutes, seconds and date

Color: Black vertical brushed/black sunray/brown sunray
Hour’s markers: Applied star and faceted black applied indexes with Super-Luminova ®
Hands: Black hands

Leather/alligator leather strap in black or brown with pin buckle

Established in 1932, G. Gagnebin & Cie has strived for long in the realization of jewel watches, gold watches for men and chronographs. The fourth generation, pride of bearing such a famous name in the world of matchmaking, is animated with a double ambition: to resurrect the work of its ancestors and create a brand that bears the name of Gagnebin.

More details

Gucci G-Timeless Slim Collection Automatic – New Models

Gucci Timepieces & Jewelry is introducing three additions to the G-Timeless Slim collection. Retaining its streamlined allure, the new G-Timeless Slim comprises a Swiss Made ETA 2895 automatic movement, and has been updated with a new leaner dial and a gently curved bezel, which adds a delicate accent to the watch.

New features on the dial include a broader diamante pattern, which has been extended to the very edges of the dial to create a strong, contemporary aesthetic. The addition of a minute counter, together with a small second at 6 o’clock, adds dynamism to the piece. Finally, applied indexes have been made narrower, in keeping with the more minimalist look.
The G-Timeless Slim Automatic is available in three variants: two in stainless steel with a choice of black or silver dials, and one version with pink gold accents. The first model comes with a stainless steel bracelet and displays a black dial accented with pink gold colored indexes and hands. A second variant has been worked with a black leather strap and shows a silver-colored dial with a contrasting black minute counter. Completing the trio is an exclusive model in pink gold and steel, adorned with an 18kt pink gold capped bezel. This is set off by a light pink colored dial and contrasting white minute counter. A matching brown crocodile strap adds a final special touch.

Each timepiece is offered in a large size (40mm) and features a transparent glass case back, which showcases the oscillating weight, decorated with Gucci’s iconic diamante pattern echoing the design on the dial.

The G-Timeless Slim Automatic timepieces all display the Swiss Made seal at 6 o’clock and date at 3 o’clock, accompanied by the Gucci logo and automatic mention at 12 o’clock.

GUCCI G-Chrono Ceramic 38mm

The G-Chrono collection of timepieces is one of the most iconic ranges within the Gucci Timepieces portfolio. With its bold G-shaped bezel, the timepiece pays homage to one of Gucci’s strongest motifs and has been updated to include more of Gucci’s iconic detailing.

Gucci Timepieces & Jewelry is now introducing a new addition to the G-Chrono family in ceramic. In contrast to the existing extra large (44mm) timepiece, this latest model presents a smaller (38mm) size, with a case crafted in ceramic and stainless steel, and the addition of Gucci’s recognizable diamante pattern on the dial.
The gloss of the polished black or white ceramic provides a luxurious touch and lends the timepiece a dressier feel. Dials are coordinated accordingly: the black version shows a black sun-brushed dial, whilst the white variant comes with a silver sun-brushed dial. Additional details on the watch include the Gucci ‘G’ on the crown and Gucci logo at 12 o’clock. The Swiss Made seal is seen at 6 o’clock.

The new size, together with the introduction of Arabic numerals, two generous push buttons and two sub counters on the dial combine to create a neat, stylish timepiece that will transition from work to play. This restyling of the dial design results in a timepiece that retains the bold aesthetic of the G-Chrono, whilst creating a distinct identity for this smaller model.

Friday, December 20, 2013

Serket Watch Company - Telson PVD Limited Edition

Serket Watch Company is introducing a new PVD version of its popular Telson timepiece. This new timepiece, made in Switzerland, comes in a PVD black stainless steel brushed case with white accents. It is equipped with ETA Swiss 6497 Manual Wind movement  featuring Cotes D’ Genève decoration with Scorpion.
The exhibition case back with sapphire crystal provides the view of Swiss movement that ticks inside. The case back is also engraved with brand and name of the timepiece including serial number. The Limited Edition PVD Telson comes with both the Black Leather Strap and the PVD Stainless Steel Bracelet. Water resistance of the watch is 100 meters.
Dial features Swiss Tritec Super Luminova diamond markers & hands, which ensure high legibility. The Limited Edition PVD Telson costs $1,295.00 and can be purchased online by visiting Serket Watch Company website.

Technical details
PVD Black Stainless Steel 316L Brushed/Polished
Width from 3 to 9: 48mm
Lug to Lug: 56mm
Lug Width: 24mm
Total Height: 16mm
Fixed Bezel

Crystal Front
Domed Sapphire
Diameter: 42mm

Crystal Back
Diameter: 35.5mm

ETA Swiss 6497 Manual Wind
Cotes D’ Genève with Scorpion

Case Back
Engraved with Watch Identification/Serial Number

Oversized Crown at 3:00
Diameter: 8mm
Height: 6mm

Black Leather Strap with Polished PVD Black Stainless Steel
Engraved Buckle

PVD Black Stainless Steel Polished/Brushed integrated bracelet with safety clasp

Water Resistant
Pressure Tested – 10ATM

Swiss Tritec Super Luminova Diamond Markers & Hands

141 Grams


Armin Strom Tourbillon Gravity Fire Limited Edition

Armin Strom, the Swiss watch manufacturer, has unveiled Tourbillon Gravity Fire, a tourbillon watch with a micro rotor winding mechanism.

The introduction is less than a year after the release of Armin Strom’s first calibre with a rotating carriage. On the dial side, the timepiece reveals the two opposites that animate every watch movement: winding and regulation. While the tourbillon mechanism makes regulation more precise by reducing the effect of gravity, the micro rotor harnesses this same power to supply energy to the gear train, thus exploiting both the positive and negative impacts of the Earth’s gravitation. The hands display the time from an off-centre axis.
The Armin Strom Tourbillon Gravity Fire continues this unique design style and features the flame motif inspired engraving, which adorns all Fire timepiece movements, together with an 18ct rose gold case. The new edition will be limited to 50 pieces.

Technical details

MovementManufacture movement
Frequency: 18,000 A/h
Jewels: 26
Number of components: 197
Winding-mechanism: Automatic winding with micro rotor turning on the dial side
Impulse: Single going barrel
Plate and bridges: Plate and tourbillon bridge are decorated at the highest quality level, hand-engravings always correspond to the element Fire
Escapement: Escape wheel and pallets made of solid gold with hardened functional areas
Regulating system: Screwed balance with Breguet spiral
Diameter:3 6.60 mm
Height: 6.20 mm
Power reserve: 110h

Hour, minute, small second, Tourbillon

18ct rose gold
Sapphire crystal and case back with anti-reflective treatment
Diameter: 43.40 mm
Total height: 13.00 mm
Water-resistance: 50 m

Black with founded appliqués
Hands: Rose gold

Delivered with a genuine brown alligator horn-back strap and double-fold clasp in 18ct rose gold as well as an additional brown rubber strap

Limited to 50 pieces

Thursday, December 19, 2013

Louis Moinet Astrolabe Tourbillon

Swiss luxury watch maker Louis Moinet unveils a limited edition Tourbillon timepiece inspired by the astrolabe invented by Ahmad Ibn al-Sarraj (d. 1329 CE). Astrolabe is one of mankind's oldest but least-known astronomical instruments and among all the astrolabes, that of Ahmad Ibn al-Sarraj was certainly the most sophisticated.
Manufactured in a limited series of 12 pieces, Louis Moinet Astrolabe Tourbillon watch comes in a wooden box with a meteorite fragment from the moon, as well as a faithful reproduction of Ahmad Ibn al-Sarraj's astrolabe, made by Martin Brunold. This rare and exclusive timepiece in white gold case houses a hand wound tourbillon movement and the dial is inspired from the Astrolabe.

An astrolabe is an instrument used to observe the stars and was of great importance in the development of the human sciences. The word astrolabe comes from the Greek astrolabos, which means “an instrument to measure the height of the stars”.

The instrument is represented in the form of a double flat projection which measures the movement of the stars in the heavens. Its invention is attributed to the Greek scientist Hipparchus (c. 190 to c. 120 BC). Its use became widespread from the 8th century under the rule of Arabic astronomers.

Its purpose is to observe the stars as well as determine the time (in the daytime by observing the sun, at night by observing the stars). A simpler version, the nautical astrolabe was the main navigational instrument from the 16th century up until the 18th century.

The astrolabe is made up of a disk graduated in degrees and a rotating arm attached to its centre, called an alidade. The alidade pivots on its axis and is directed towards the sun or a star to read on the disk’s markers the angle representing the height of the sun or a major known star in relation to the horizon. The astrolabe is held vertically in the hand by a ring; the stars are sighted by turning the viewfinder until one of them is seen by both ends. The value in degrees obtained by the viewfinder on the arc may be converted into degrees of latitude from the observation point. Time is also determined by the height of the star.

The astrolabe is a mythical object, which links man to the great mysteries of the universe. The Arabs among others excelled in creating them to the highest artistic quality. Even though the use of a 19th century astrolabe is no longer possible today, due to the planets’ shifting with time, it remains one of the most fascinating objects of human genius.
The astrolabe is an exceptional object and only a few museums preserve them in their collections. Jean-Marie Schaller, CEO of Louis Moinet, sought to obtain one. This is how an encounter came about with Martin Brunold, probably the only manufacturer of quality astrolabes in the world. For more than forty years this Swiss craftsman has made them entirely by hand, patiently crafted from brass. He has of course an extremely limited production capacity and his works of art are displayed in international museums or belong to private collections.

Martin Brunold is working with Louis Moinet, for whom he made an exclusive series of 12 “Al Sarraj” astrolabes which are exact replicas of the original. This astrolabe is considered to be the most advanced development in the Islamic world. Made by Ahmad Ibn Al-Sarraj in the 19th century, it is kept at the Benaki museum in Athens.
For connoisseurs Louis Moinet is reserving an exceptional boxed set containing Martin Brunold’s work of art, the Al-Sarraj astrolabe, and a defined mechanical tourbillon with the streamlined design of the astrolabe. Also handmade, it reproduces the function of the astrolabe of the age, which was the faithful telling of time, day and night. A tribute to human genius around the world, the Astrolabe mechanical Tourbillon is traditionally made and hand assembled in its entirety, in the same poetic spirit as Ibn Al-Sarraj’s creation.

The ASTROLABE Tourbillon is presented in an exceptional 18K white gold case composed of 59 different components and equipped with the Louis Moinet signature crown guard. The latter invention consists of an independent stem integrated within a watertight system and held with a plate secured by four screws. It represents a major advantage in facilitating servicing, compared to traditionally soldered stems.

The view through the ASTROLABE Tourbillon display-back is almost as spectacular as the dial side, with the ‘octopus spring’ of the winding and setting mechanism taking centre stage. This ingenious component is effectively three springs in one – pull-out piece spring, lever spring and click spring – all radiating from the centre like the swirling legs of an octopus. The movement is engraved with Louis Moinet's Côtes du Jura motif.

Technical details
Hand-wound mechanical, exclusive tourbillon, winding mechanism with octopus spring visible through the back, lateral lever escapement, Côtes du Jura motif, blued screws, 21,600 vib/h, 72-hour power-reserve

Hours, minutes, tourbillon

18K white gold, original Louis Moinet® design, 59 elements, 47 mm
Anti-reflective sapphire crystal
Numbered, engraved sapphire back
Water-resistant to 30 metres

Design inspired by Ahmad Ibn al-Sarraj's famous astrolabe

Hand-stitched Louisiana alligator with 18K white gold and black PVD-treated titanium folding clasp

Retail price
CHF 280,000/ USD 280,000/ € 246,000

Presentation box: Extra large Louis Moinet Book, containing one authentic handcrafted astrolabe realized by the artist Mr. Brunold
Rarity: Limited Edition of 12 pieces
Reference no.LM-14.70.30

HUBLOT Classic Fusion Tourbillon Night-Out

Swiss luxury watchmaker HUBLOT unveils Classic Fusion Tourbillon Night-Out their new exquisitely refined evening watch dressed in elegant black colour and perfectly suited as a red carpet companion at prestigious events.

45 mm in diameter, made from black polished ceramic, with a black lacquered dial set with 10 baguette diamonds for an exceptional lustre, two polished, rhodium-plated hands and an opening at 6 o'clock revealing the magic of a flying tourbillon, this watch also features a sapphire case-back through which the HUB6010 movement (155 components, 5-day power reserve) can be seen.
The movement is entirely developed and produced in-house by the engineers and watchmakers of the Hublot manufacture. The watch sits on a strap of shiny black calfskin sewn onto rubber, for comfort and flexibility, making it the perfect accessory for the gentleman in evening wear.
The tuxedo was originally an inner jacket, worn by British gentlemen, which allowed them to smoke cigars outside so as not to inconvenience the ladies. Popularised by the Prince of Wales, the tuxedo has become the essential elegant evening wear for gentlemen, so much so that "Black Tie" events now stipulate it. Combined with a bow tie, cufflinks, a cummerbund and patent shoes, the effect is completed by the sober, elegant Classic Fusion Tourbillon Nigh-Out, for a flawlessly contemporary look.

Technical details
Reference 505.CS.1270.VR
Limited edition of 30 pieces

"Classic Fusion" – Diameter 45 mm – Black polished ceramic
Bezel: Polished black ceramic, 6 H-shaped titanium screws, countersunk, polished and locked
Crystal: Sapphire with interior/exterior anti-reflective coating
Bezel Lug: Black composite resin
Crown: Black polished ceramic with black rubber insert
Case-back: Open with sapphire crystal, interior anti-reflective coating, black polished ceramic
Water resistance 30 ATM, i.e. approx 30 metres

Black lacquered
Indices set with 10 baguette diamonds, with total weight 0.36 carats
Polished, rhodium-plated hands

MHUB6011 Hand-wound Tourbillon movement produced by the Manufacture
Entirely developed and produced in the Hublot Manufacture workshops
Components: 155 (19 jewels)
Frequency: 3Hz (21,600 vib/h)
Power reserve: Approximately 120 hours

Shiny black calfskin sewn onto black rubber
Clasp: Black PVD steel deployant buckle

Wednesday, December 18, 2013

SHINOLA Watches – Built in Detroit, Where America is Made

SHINOLA is a newly launched watch brand based in Detroit, the manufacturing hub of USA. SHINOLA makes modern handcrafted watches, bicycles, leather goods, and journals. Its watch collections include The Runwell, The Brakeman, The Gomelsky and The Birdy. 

The company was originally founded as a small-scale shoeshine manufacturer by the New York-based Shinola-Bixby Corporation in 1907. Shinola’s business boomed during WWI and the company achieved pop culture status for the WWII-era colloquialism, “You don’t know shit from Shinola.”

In 2011, the founders of the current company approached College for Creative Studies to renovate the World War era building for establishing a new watch factory and corporate headquarters. In collaboration with CCS, Shinola has started manufacturing of watches and other products such as bicycles, leather goods, and journals.

Shinola is all about building of a modern and quintessentially American brand through the reintroduction of domestic manufacturing at a scale that can shape culture, create community, and deliver goods of the highest quality that are built to last.

Shinola Watch Collection
Shinola offers excellent watch models for both men and women. The Gentleman’s line includes The Runwell and The Brakeman collections. The Gomelsky and The Birdy collections are exclusively dedicated to women. The Runwell collection also offers ladies watches. These watches are hand crafted in Detroit, respecting the traditions of centuries old American watch making.

Available in different sizes and materials, dial & strap versions and various complications, the cost of Shinola watches are placed in a price range starting from $400 to $2000.

The Shinola lightning bolt, which appears in numerous locations on every watch symbolizes the beauty of industry, respect for craft, and a commitment to quality. Standard across all styles but unique to a Shinola watch, the signature iconic case back plates are individually numbered, beautifully designed, and proudly display “Built in Detroit.”
Featured Model: The Runwell Chrono, 47mm
Case: Stainless steel, with double curve sapphire crystal.
Dial: Super-LumiNova hands and indices.
Functions: Hours, minutes, small seconds, date indicator, stopwatch function with one subdial.
Movement: Shinola Detroit-built Argonite 5021 quartz movement, hand assembled from 84 Swiss-made components.
Watch Strap: Premium American-made leather strap, made by Hadley-Roma in Largo, Florida.

Where to shop
Shinola watches can be purchased online by visiting the brand’s website. The Shinola watches and products can also be purchased from the brand’s flagship stores located in Detroit and New York. Shinola products are also available at NEIMAN MARCUS Troy, Michigan and BARNEYS New York.

Midtown, Detroit Flagship Store
The Shinola Detroit flagship store is the brand’s first retail location and the first opportunity for the public to experience the full brand story. Inventory is dynamic, with store themes changing each month. The assortment includes not only Shinola products, but also collaborative and curated merchandise. Complete bicycle assembly also happens on the premises, and a full schedule of community events will be programmed on a weekly basis. The store also features, DROUGHT, the Plymouth, MI-based, organic cold-pressed juice company that have a fulltime presence in the store.

Tribeca, NYC Flagship Store
The Shinola Tribeca (NYC) flagship store is the second retail location. Similar to Detroit, the store offers handcrafted watches, leather goods, journals and bicycles, as well as collaboratively-produced items and carefully curated products. The store also houses The Smile Newsstand, which will serve coffee and offer a selection of books and magazines from around the world. The store design takes inspiration from artist Donald Judd’s library in Marfa, TX, featuring a large white oak library table with brass lamps and customer chairs. The building’s original brick façade has been restored, and elements such as a catwalk and skylight have been added to the interior to retain the building’s original design integrity.

Contact details
Shinola / Detroit, LLC
485 W. Milwaukee St
Detroit­ 48202
United States

Website: http://www.shinola.com

RADO HyperChrome Automatic Chronograph Plasma Ceramic

Using modern and advanced materials technology Rado took a finished, polished monobloc white high-tech ceramic watch case, and individual bracelet links and subjected them to plasma treatment. The result is a collection of individual perfect pieces which now have a unique warm grey metallic shine.
It may look like metal, but there is no metal involved at all. The plasma high-tech ceramic is 100% ceramic, 100% innovative and 100% Rado.
A perfect combination of technology, style and luxury the Rado HyperChrome Automatic Chronograph Plasma Ceramic is the perfect product to sum up the Rado DNA. The monobloc case, injected at high-pressure, is a groundbreaking construction. As a single piece of ceramic, it contains no steel cage as many ceramic timepieces do. This makes it lightweight as well as super scratch-resistant and comfortable to wear.
The final monobloc piece goes into a special oven, where a plasma column activates gases at 20,000°C. These gases permeate the ceramic, permanently altering the composition of its surface and bringing out a brilliant metallic sheen that will never fade.
Technical details
Model: Rado HyperChrome Automatic Chronograph Plasma Ceramic
Ref. 650.0276.3.010

12 ½ ETA 2894-2, automatic chronograph, 37 jewels, 6 hands, date at 4.5 o’clock, 42 hour power reserve, black oscillating rotor, decorated movement

Plasma high-tech ceramic, monobloc construction
Polished stainless steel side inserts with hardening treatment
Plasma high-tech ceramic case back with sapphire crystal
Curved sapphire crystal with anti-reflective coating on both sides
Rubber moulded stainless steel crown
Stainless steel pushers
Water-resistant to 10 bar (100m)
Bracelet: plasma high-tech ceramic
Dimensions: 41.8 x 51.0 x 13.0 (WxLxH in mm)

RADO HyperChrome Automatic Small Second

Combining technology, style and luxury, Swiss watch brand Rado is bang on trend with the newest HyperChrome models, each of which features a small second display.
Bold and interesting dials are the key feature of these new models, with the small second showing that the automatic movement is wound and working.
A chronograph standard, the stand alone small second adds a retro-classic twist to the groundbreaking HyperChrome collection.
Plasma high-tech ceramic is a Rado exclusive and looks just as hot as the 20’000°C needed to create this patented material, which features on three of the four small second models.
With a brown leather strap it exudes vintage grace and panache, in combination with a black dial and black bracelet middle links it is raffish and roguish, whilst the full plasma model is cool, calm and collected.
Completing the collection is the matt black high-tech ceramic model with a dash of warmth and brilliance coming from the rose gold coloured dial details and polished side inserts.
Rado and plasma ceramic
This form of modern alchemy, where the molecular composition of the ceramic is changed by gases activated at high temperature, now features on the newest Rado families. Scintillatingly scientific and super stylish, plasma high-tech ceramic has a brilliant metallic shine in a warm grey tone, without using any metal. It is 100% ceramic, 100% innovative and 100% Rado.
Technical details
Collection : Rado HyperChrome Small Second Automatic

11 ½ ETA 2895-2, automatic, 27 jewels, 3 hands, date at 3 o’clock, small second, 42 hour power reserve, black oscillating rotor

Ref: 609.0023.3.015
Case: black matt high-tech ceramic, monobloc construction
Polished rose gold coloured PVD coated stainless steel side inserts
Black matt high-tech ceramic case back with sapphire crystal
Curved sapphire crystal with anti-reflective coating on both sides
Bracelet: black matt high-tech ceramic
Water-resistant to 10 bar (100 m)
Dimensions: 42.0 x 48.4 x 10.8 (WxLxH in mm)

Ref: 609.0025.3.015
Case: plasma high-tech ceramic, monobloc construction
Polished stainless steel side inserts with hardening treatment
Plasma high-tech ceramic case back with sapphire crystal
Curved sapphire crystal with anti-reflective coating on both sides
Bracelet: plasma high-tech ceramic with black high-tech ceramic links
Water-resistant to 10 bar (100 m)
Dimensions: 42.0 x 48.4 x 10.8 (WxLxH in mm)

Refs: 609.0025.3.010/ 609.0025.3.111
Case: plasma high-tech ceramic, monobloc construction
Polished stainless steel side inserts with hardening treatment
Plasma high-tech ceramic case back with sapphire crystal
Curved sapphire crystal with anti-reflective coating on both sides
Bracelet (010): plasma high-tech ceramic
Strap (111): dark brown leather
Water-resistant to 10 bar (100 m)
Dimensions: 42.0 x 48.4 x 10.8 (WxLxH in mm)

Longines Heritage 1973

Combining history, tradition and precision, the Longines Heritage 1973 is based on a model produced by the brand in 1973. This new creation is fitted with the exclusive Longines column-wheel chronograph movement. The shape of the case and the subtle play of contrasts on the dial provide this model with a distinctive and harmonious image. The elegance of the 70s has been updated to suit modern tastes.
The Longines Heritage 1973 is immediately eye-catching. The cushion-shaped case elegantly surrounds the dial, which is thoroughly vintage and true to the original model. The latter, a chronograph produced in 1973 by the brand known by its winged hourglass logo, was fitted with a Longines mechanical chronograph movement, the 30CH. Following in the same noble footsteps, the Longines Heritage 1973 houses the L688 calibre, a column-wheel chronograph movement developed and produced by ETA exclusively for Longines.
Black or silvered, the dial of the Longines Heritage 1973 boasts a fascinating play of contrasts. Two counters have been included at 3 and 9 o'clock: black on the silvered dial and silvered on the black dial. The applied hour symbols are decorated with a fine black line and a dot of Super-LumiNova®. These are interposed and balanced out by a minute-circle, also of fine black lines. A blue tachometric scale surrounds the dial, adding a subtle touch of colour to the whole.
With a diameter of 40 mm, the cushion-shaped steel dial of the Longines Heritage 1973 has retained the lines and mood of the original model. The back is fitted with a transparent sapphire glass cover through which the wearer can admire the movement of the calibre as well as the blue column-wheel. The harmonious form of this model is completed by the rounded push-pieces, and the whole is mounted on a black alligator strap.

Technical details
Model: Longines Heritage 1973
Reference number: L2.791.4.52/72.0-2

Mechanical self-winding movement with a column-wheel chronograph mechanism
Caliber L688.2 (ETA A08.L01)
13¼ lines, 27 jewels, 28'800 vibrations per hours
Power reserve: 54 hours

Hours, minutes, small second at 9 o’clock and date at 4:30, tachymeter scale
Central seconds sweep
Dragging 30-minute counter at 3 o’clock
Dragging 12-hour counter at 6 o’clock

Cushion-shaped, Ø 40 mm, steel
Scratch-resistant sapphire crystal with several layers of anti-    reflective coating on the underside
Transparent case back with sapphire crystal
Water-resistant: To 3 bar (30 meters)

Silvered, 9 applied indices with a black line and Super-LumiNova® dots, two black counters, blue tachymeter scale
Black, 9 applied indices with a black line and Super-LumiNova® dots, two silvered counters, blue tachymeter scale
Rhodium-plated, with Super-LumiNova® and a black line on hours and minutes hands

Strap    Black alligator with buckle

SCALFARO Société Nautique de Monaco Limited Watch Edition

Family-owned watch brand SCALFARO and Monaco’s oldest water-sports association - the exclusive SOCIETE NAUTIQUE DE MONACO (SNM) founded in 1888 - have developed an edition of mechanical wristwatches based on common values such as authenticity, tradition and passion.

Conceived with great attention to detail, radiating with quality in every aspect from the sophisticated construction of its watch case with its refined surface finishing and the elaborate mechanism of its Swiss automatic movement, each edition timepiece is made to last and reflects the passion that the members of the Société Nautique feel towards their Association and their sport.

The edition is limited to 25 pieces and features the crest of the SNM as well as the flag of Monaco. These elements were integrated into the watch case with the help of the Scalfaro Ceramic Intarsia Technology which unites solid ceramic elements and stainless steel.

In a private ceremony, the owners of Scalfaro, brothers Alexander & Dominik Kuhnle, presented the first piece of this edition to HSH Prince Albert II of Monaco.
The dial strikes with its balanced design and the play of light on its wave-like Guilloché surface. The inner turning bezel under the domed sapphire crystal is operated by the crown at 10 o’clock and serves e.g. to measure a regatta countdown. The hands are modeled after the shape of a rowing boat hull. The Monegasque flag as well as the “Burgee” of the SNM are integrated into the stainless steel watch case (43mm diameter, water-resistance 100m/300ft) via Scalfaro’s innovative technology of SCALFARO CERAMIC INTARSIA which unites steel and solid ceramic elements. The crest of the SNM is engraved in the natural rubber strap which features an elegant folding buckle with safety buttons.

The finely decorated Swiss mechanical movement (ADK Calibre 147) with its automatic winding mechanism is visible through the sapphire crystal case back. Limited to 25 pieces worldwide each incl. individual numbering (01/25,…); Price: Euro 3.450,--

JS Watch co. - New Ladies 101 model, 32mm, Red Sunburst dial

Iceland based mechanical watch brand JS Watch co. Reykjavik is now introducing the latest addition to the 101 32mm collection. This watch has a Red Sunburst dial with Roman numerals in silver, it comes in a 32 mm Stainless Steel case with a Curved Anti Reflective Sapphire Crystal and See-through Sapphire Crystal back and Rhodium plated Breguet style hands.
The 32 mm case is made from the finest German surgical grade Stainless Steel "316L" which is the same utilized for medical implants. The movement is the exceptionally well renowned Swiss Made Soprod A10-2 "Execution Top" and the watch has a Stainless Steel "316L" strap.
Technical details
Swiss Made Mechanical movement Soprod A10-2 "Execution Top"
Automatic winding 25 jewels
Custom decorations Blue screws and Rhodium plated finish
42-hour power reserve when fully wound
Fine tuning "Assortment Chronometer"Shock protection Incabloc
Adjusted to five positions

Surgical grade German Stainless Steel "316L"
Diameter: 32mm
Height 10.3mm
Highly polished
Curved Sapphire Crystal with multi anti reflective coating on the inside
See-through Sapphire Crystal back
Water-resistance 50 meters

Red Sunburst dial with Roman numerals
Date display at six o'clock

Rhodium plated hands in Breguet style

German Stainless Steel "316L" bracelet

GoS Watches - Midnight Sun Limited Edition - In association with Jochen Benzinger

Swedish watchmaker GoS unveils their latest timepiece - Midnight Sun - a strictly limited edition inspired by the Lapland summers when the sun never sets. The bright summer nights have a different kind of gentle light, which is sometimes referred to as "the golden light".

GoS has captured the golden light by using a solid gold dial and applying several steps of radial finishing achieving the sunray effect. The abstract shape of the sun is captured in the Damascus steel chapter ring. The chapter ring and the hands are made from Johan Gustafsson's hand forged steel, which has been shaped, polished, etched and then beveled to create the rough patterned surface and sparkling beveled edges.
The Midnight Sun model is produced in collaboration between GoS Watches and master watchmaker Jochen Benzinger who has developed his own style in movement skeletonization. The chronometer grade 6498 movement has received a custom sunray-skeletonization to complement the Midnight Sun theme. The blued main plate and wheels also feature some of his beautiful guilloche work.

The Midnight Sun is crafted from the same (stainless) Damascus steel that was first featured in the Nordic Seasons series. The finishing work on the case has been further developed with Midnight Sun to increase contrasts in the Damascus steel pattern.
One unique feature of the GoS case is the larger diameter of the case back and bezels, which we use to highlight the curved surface of the Damascus steel case core as the steel pattern is mirrored in the high gloss, polished finish. Another unique feature is the Damascus steel bezel inset that frames the dial. The trademark oversize crown in Damascus steel has a larger diameter than previous GoS models but the height has been reduced to increase overall wearability as the case core is 45mm.

The hands of the Midnight Sun are made in Damascus steel and have the GoS sword shape that premiered in the Stockholm model. All hands and index rings are hand finished with polished bevels. Making Damascus steel parts in this reduced scale requires different qualities from the steel than when its used in knives. The Damascus steel of watch hands requires the pattern to be very sharp and rich of contrasts to be at all visible.

The Midnight Sun comes with a strap in soft, black nubuck. The matte surface of the straps blends well with the Damascus steel finish of the case. These handmade GoS straps are fitted with screwed lugs and are paired with a stainless steel GoS buckle.

Technical details
Case: Stainless steel and stainless Damascus steel 44/45mmx10mm (10ATM)
Lug width: 22mm
Glass: Flat sapphire glass with AR coating
Movement: Swiss manual ETA 6498
Movement refinement: Refinished and improved to chronometer grade by the Swiss company Soprod.
Movement customization: Skeletonized and re-finished by Jochen Benzinger
Dial: Solid 18K gold, finished with a sunray effect
Index ring/rehaut: Solid Damascus steel, shaped and polished by hand
Hands: Solid Damascus steel, shaped and polished by hand
Crown: 9mm in fine-grained stainless Damascus stainless steel, double gasket crown inset
Case finishing: Stainless Damascus steel, high gloss polished with GoS logo engraved on case side.
Strap: Handcrafted soft nubuck leather, fitted with GoS stainless steel buckle
Limitation: 5 pieces

Presentation Box
Individually crafted box in svepask technique of birch wood
Colored with natural pigments mixed in linseed oil
Covered with high grade natural wax and polished to a deep finish
Two year guarantee

GoS Watches - Aurora

The partnership between master blade smith Johan Gustafsson and watchmaker Patrik Sjogren was forged to provide truly unique watches, inspired by the beauty of northern Scandinavia and the ancient Swedish tradition of metallurgy.

GoS proudly presents Aurora, a strictly limited edition watch inspired by the Northern Lights of Lapland. The Northern Lights or Aurora Borealis, named after a Roman goddess, is a natural phenomenon where colorful lights swirl around the sky in a dramatic dance, leaving different patterns and shapes. Sometimes the shapes appear as fold upon fold of luminous draperies that majestically move across the sky. Other times they are like gigantic flaming swords furiously slashing at the heavens.

Aurora’s Damascus steel dial has been tempered to a blue-green color and the flowing colored lines are framed by bright streaks. The white gold dial details and hands match the highlights on the dial.
The movement is based on a chronometer grade Unitas 6498 that has been modified with 3/4 bridges made from one solid piece of hand forged Damascus steel. The steel pattern is similar to the wood-grain pattern that is used for the GoS caliber. Both Johan and Patrik appreciate contrasts in designs and patterns, which is why Patrik chose to give the bridges a combination of traditional movement finishing on some surfaces and a rawer Damascus steel on others.
Traditional high end movement finishing is time consuming. A similar amount of work is required to achieve the raw Damascus steel surface. The bridges are mirror polished before the pattern is made visible by dipping the part in hot acid. The acid eats away from the surface of some steel types that has been forged into the patterned steel while others are not affected. This means that all surfaces where tolerances must be kept also have to be protected from the acid. The finishing continues after the etching procedure to give back some brightness to the pattern and increase the contrasts in the pattern itself. The polished bevels and holes are then finalized after the Damascus steel surface is done.
The Aurora case features the same finishing improvements on the Damascus steel case that GoS developed for the Midnight Sun model. It has the familiar curved surface of the Damascus steel case core, which pattern is mirrored in the high gloss, polished large case back and bezel. The curved lugs and a low height make the watch comfortable to wear even though it is 45mm in diameter.

The Damascus steel cases are individually finished in a process Patrik initially developed for Nordic Seasons and Winter Nights. It involves two etching procedures in hot acid and refinishing in between. It is only the visible parts of the case that are exposed to the acid to ensure that the case will have the same water protection as before the treatment.

The hands of the Aurora are made in solid white gold and have the GoS sword shape that once premiered in the Stockholm model. All hands and index rings are hand finished with polished bevels and satinized top. These handmade GoS Nubuck straps are fitted with screwed lugs and are paired with a stainless steel GoS buckle.

Technical details
Case: Stainless steel and stainless Damascus steel 44/45mmx10mm (10ATM)
Lug width: 22mm
Glass: Flat sapphire glass with AR coating
Movement: Swiss manual ETA 6498
Movement refinement: Refinished and improved to chronometer grade by the Swiss company Soprod.
Movement customization: Bridges made from one piece of solid Damascus steel.
Dial: Damascus steel tempered to a blue/green color
Index ring/rehaut: Solid white gold, shaped and polished by hand
Hands: Solid white gold shaped and polished by hand
Crown: 9mm in fine-grained stainless Damascus stainless steel, double gasket crown inset
Case finishing: Stainless Damascus steel, high gloss polished with GoS logo engraved on case side.
Strap: Handcrafted soft nubuck leather, fitted with GoS stainless steel buckle
Limitation: 5 pieces
Presentation Box
individually crafted box in svepask technique of birch wood
Colored with natural pigments mixed in linseed oil
Covered with high grade natural wax and polished to a deep finish
Two year guarantee

Aurora No1 of 5 is available for purchase while the remaining pieces will be produced during the first half of 2014.

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