Tuesday, June 20, 2017

Krayon Everywhere – Automatic Watch with Sunrise and Sunset Time Calculating Mechanism

Neuchâtel (Switzerland) based mechanical watch movement developer Krayon Sàrl has created a world premier wristwatch featuring a truly unique and ingenious horological complication that indicates sunrise and sunset times at any point on the globe. Christened as ‘Everywhere’ this watch houses the USS calibre (Universal Sunrise Sunset) equipped with the sunrise and sunset time calculating mechanism that can be adjusted simply by the crown.

The watch dial indicates the number of day light hours on a lighter coloured circle, yellow or pink depending on the version. A darker circle symbolises night. The point at which the two circles meet corresponds to sunrise and sunset. As the seasons change, or at different locations, the number of daylight hours lengthens or shortens. A blue arrow on the edge of the dial materialises the path of the sun as it travels through the sky.
The mechanical calculator of the watch combines the five parameters that influence sunrise and sunset calculations. First longitude and latitude, which geographically define a point on Earth, then the UTC time zone, and lastly the date and month. The watch's wearer sets each one as required to then see the precise hour at which the sun will appear and disappear, in the place of his choice and on the day he wishes.

The hands and indicators in daily use – date and time – are in blue to visually stand out for maximum legibility. Contrasting with them, the hands corresponding to the settings have a softer colour which can be white gold or pink gold, depending on the version.
Hours are read from the contour of the dial thanks to a blue arrow on a 24-hour scale, which also shows how many hours have passed since the last sunrise. Minutes are shown by a large central hand. A subsidiary dial in the upper part of the main dial displays longitude between +180° and -180°, shown by the longer of the two hands. The shorter hand points to the UTC time zone and advances in half increments to take into account every time zone in use around the world. When required, the DST (Daylight Saving Time) indication adjusts for summer time. Two hands occupy the centre of the main dial: the one on the left covers latitude between +60° and -60° while the hand on the right shows the chosen parameter: date, latitude, longitude or UTC. A subdial in the lower portion of the dial presents date and month.
Despite combining and displaying multiple parameters, the engineers at Krayon have ensured that setting these parameters is simplicity itself. The - date, latitude, longitude and UTC – is selected using the pusher on the left side of the case, then set from the crown. The default setting is the date as this corresponds to the most frequently used function. Furthermore, adjustments can be made by turning the crown forwards or backwards, thereby protecting the mechanism against damage caused by mishandling.
The USS calibre comprises of 595 components and each of them has been designed and manufactured specifically for it. In addition to sunrise and sunset time indication, this ingenious mechanical calibre also incorporates an equation of time, a secret function that is not shown on the dial, in order to calculate the different parameters. The USS calibre is fitted with four differentials, 84 gear assemblies and a total of 145 gear parts. Three patents have been filed to protect these inventions. Automatically wound by a white gold micro-rotor, the USS calibre delivers a 72-hour power reserve and beats at a frequency of 3 Hz.

The finishing and decoration of Everywhere are entirely by hand, in keeping with Swiss traditional haute horlogerie techniques. Two versions are proposed, both with a 42mm case size, in pink gold or in white gold, and can be fully personalised on request.

Technical details
Movement
Universal Sunrise& Sunset
Total diameter: 35.40 mm
Movement height: 6.50mm
Power reserve: 72 hours
Frequency: 3 Hz
Quick setting mechanism
Automatic winding with 22k gold micro-rotor
595 components, including 85 jewels

Functions
Hours, 24-hour display
Minutes
Date
Month
Calculation and display of sunrise and sunset times based on latitude, longitude and tine zone
Daylight duration

Case
White gold case
Optional baguette diamond bezel
Sapphire crystal and caseback
Case diameter: 42 mm
Total case thickness: 11.70 mm
Hand-polished chamfers
Sapphire display discs with micro-painting

Dial
White gold dial
Central minutes
Hours
Sunrise and sunset times on peripheral discs
Date at 6 o’clock
Longitude and UTC at 12 o’clock
Latitude at 9 o’clock
Function indicator at 3 o’clock

Strap
Hand-stitched black alligator strap
White gold pin buckle

About KRAYON
Based in Neuchâtel, KRAYON is a design engineering studio specialising in watch mechanisms. A talented design engineer, Rémi Maillat set up KRAYON in 2013, serving prestigious clients as well as his own creations. Because thanks to KRAYON, this gifted young inventor can finally give free rein to his passion for and conception of watchmaking. In addition to his own experience and complete command of the foremost mechanical complications, Rémi Maillat also calls on seasoned professionals: digital simulation engineers or experts in tribology (the study of friction and wear of interacting surfaces). Their out-of-the-box thinking overcomes watch-making's every challenge to invent unprecedented horological functions and mechanisms.

About Rémi Maillat
Rémi Maillat has the very special power to take mathematical calculations and transform them into fabulous horological creations. As a student of micromechanical engineering at Le Locle University of Applied Sciences, Rémi Maillat sensed the possibilities that lay with watchmaking. Born to a family that lives and breathes mathematics – his father is an engineer in tribology (the study of friction and wear of interacting surfaces), his mother a maths professor – Rémi Maillat always dreamed of making his own mechanisms.

Since then, multiple new calibres have taken shape in his imagination, commissioned by clients or, since 2013, for Krayon, his design engineering studio in La Chaux-de-Fonds. Rémi Maillat invents and develops watchmaking's most revered complications - perpetual calendar, minute repeater, chronograph or tourbillon – sometimes with additional constraints such as form or extra-thin calibres. Indeed, he is constantly attentive to movement height, as this influences the thickness of the watch itself and therefore comfort on the wrist.

Over the course of his career, Rémi Maillat has led the development of timepieces in the finest watchmaking tradition, amassing expertise in the different stages that contribute to the creation of a haute horlogerie watch, from initial concept to final production.

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